Freud, Sigmund The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Pre-Psychoanalytical Works and Unpublished Drafts. Vol. 1.
Translated by James Strachey. London: the Hogarth Press, 1966.
As the title states, this text is composed of Freud`s writings
previous to the `official` beginning of the psycho-analytic movement.
Hence, the papers found in this volume are more medically oriented
than Freud`s later writings.
One feature of notice is the `General Preface for the Standard
Edition`, written by Strachey, which outlines the organizational plan
etc. of the Standard Edition (S.E.).
The `General Preface for the Standard Edition` includes comments on the
- scope of the S.E.;
- plan of the S.E. (which is more or less chronological);
- on the German sources;
- cross references;
- notes which explain Freud`s remarks; and,
- the translations.
The contents of volume 1 are as follows:
Part II: Psychopathology (P. 347):
Psychopathy of Hysteria: is a compulsion exercised by
excessively intense excitations. Thus a hysterical compulsion is:
The Genesis of Hysterical Compulsion: Conditions that give rise
to hysterical compulsions are: (a) repression of an idea that causes
the ego discomfort, and (b) repression of ideas from the sexual life.
Pathological Defense: Here, Freud indicates that the idea is
repressed so vehemently that it almost never enters consciousness as it
is, but can only do so by means of the displaced symbol.
Hysterical Proton Pseudo (false conclusions): Symbol formation
is the work of the primary process and the operative force of this
process is defense on the part of the ego (N.B. Freud states that this
occurs only in the sexual sphere). It is typical of hysteria to find
that a memory which are repressed have only become traumatic through
Sexual traumas: What is disturbing in such traumas is the
release of the affect.
Disturbance of Thought by Affect: There are two determinants:
- ii)incapable of being resolved by the activity of
- incongruous in its structures. Analyses, however, show
that hysterical compulsions are resolved immediately as they are made
to be intelligible. The unintelligibility of such ideas are said to
be a result of displacement of the affect from the original idea. Thus
the first idea is repressed and the second (a symbolic representation
of the first) becomes compulsive. AXIOM: "For every compulsion there
is a corresponding repression...."
- that sexual release is attached to a memory rather that an
- that such sexual releases took place prematurely.
When the generation of affect inhibits a thought, it does so through
the facts that (a) many paths of thought are forgotten which would
ordinarily come into account and (b) in the affect pathways of thought,
which lead to the discharge of the affect, are normally avoided.
Therefore, 1) when there is a releases of the affect there is an
accompanying increase in the intensity of the idea, and (2) the main
function of the ego is avoiding fresh affective processes and in the
reduction of the old affective facilitations. That is, the ego permits
the release of unpleasure through memory (the primary process) and not
through perception (as is usually the case) because is arousal was
Part III: Attempt to Represent Normal Perceptual Processes:
This section attempts to do as the title suggests but does it purely along
mechanistic lines. Also, this section is left incomplete.
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