Hindi une langue indo européenne

All about Hindi, an Indo-European language

Hindi is a language derived from Sanskrit. It is one of the most widely used languages ​​in India, along with English. Almost half of the population recognizes it as their mother tongue.

Hindi, etymology and belonging

I’Hindi is a common language of part of the Indian community. It is an Indo-European language derived from the Indo-Aryan languages, whose users are scattered around the world.

Hindi, its origin and definition

I’Hindi comes from Sanskrit, just as French is from Latin. It is considered an official language in India. It is especially in the north and in the center of India that Hindi took hold. It has its origins in the Sanskrit texts of sages and scholars. Hindi uses the Devanagari alpha-syllabary written from left to right. The Hindi vocabulary is influenced, over time, by the various dominations to which India has been subjected.

Several terms have been borrowed from Arabic, English, as well as Portuguese, Turkish and Persian. Hindi is also a language associated with Urdu which is a widely used language in Pakistan. These two languages ​​have many similarities in the spoken version. On the other hand, they differ in written version. Urdu uses the Arabic alphabet instead, which is written from right to left. Communication between a Hindi speaker and an Urdu speaker is quite easy.

Hindi is the mother tongue of nearly 370 million users. Its importance is reflected in the richness of the hindu civilization, one of the oldest in the world with its 5000 years, those of our era. This name “Hindu” was formerly that of the population of India, often confused with religion, but it has become obsolete to decline in “Indian”. 18 languages ​​are recognized as official by the Indian Constitution. Hindi is not included in this list because it has a special place as a national language in India. However, several dialects characterize Hindi, but they have many dissimilarities.

Hindi as a universal language

Hindi is currently among the top three most spoken languages ​​in the world. 20% of the Indian population who recognize it as their mother tongue. However, there are nearly 50% of the Indian population who use it. The vast majority of users are the population living in the north, those in the south use it little or not at all. Basically, a few dialects of Hindi, in this case Bhopjpuri, are widespread, and almost a billion people use them. I’Hindi is very present in different fields. It honors books, artistic works such as poetry and songs. Hindi is also in great demand for describing rational precepts, especially in philosophical studies. His interest then touches on several fields: artistic, cultural and civilizational.

Hindi is a living language which becomes universal. It has spread around the world and several countries have adopted it. It is then spoken by the Indian diaspora which has settled in the four corners of the world: Mauritius, Reunion Island, the United States, Great Britain, Yemen, Fiji and others. Several tribes use it on a daily basis in some of these countries. Essentially, theHindi has become a universal language for some speakers, as specific sectors use it. These include, among others, Bollywood films that many moviegoers are fond of. Its strong presence is also felt in the sacred texts which have not yet been translated. International interest in this language is on the rise.

Some notions on Hindi

Hindi is a living language which has inherited some ancient languages ​​such as Sanskrit. Several influences have enriched his vocabulary. These influences come from neighboring countries like Persia and Arab countries. They also come from Western countries that have established colonization or trade there, such as England or Portugal. There is thus a certain similarity with the term of these countries. Hindi has become a language that tends to become universal, its learning is experiencing a real craze at the international level.

Hindi, its learning as a language

Hindi is a language increasingly used in the world. Many Westerners are interested in this language as a language of Indian culture and civilization.

Hindi and other concepts

Hindi is a language derived from Sanskrit. Sanskrit, also called by sages and scholars ” language of the gods is the original language of the Hindus. The Hindu is a follower of the majority religion of India which isHinduism. Hindi is the declared official language of the Indian Union. Hindi should not be confused with Hindu. A Hindu, believer and practitioner of religion hinduism can speak Hindi very well and other languages ​​that are related to this practice.

It must be said that the Hindu can be an Englishman who speaks this language and be Westerners who speak their respective language. It is also necessary to know the difference between the Indian which is the nationality, the Hindu which is the religion and the Hindi which is the national language. While Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern India, Tamil is the most used language in the southern states. Tamil is a 2,500 year old Dravidian language.

Hindi and its initiation

Like Chinese, Hindi is a widely spoken language, except that it crosses borders and is used by the diaspora. Several Indian schools and institutes, established abroad, include it in their modules. However, its learning takes place in a context that is very different from Western languages. You must pronounce all the letters, no letter must be eluded orally. For writing, Hindi is relatively difficult, it requires concentration.

Hindi is rich in works, it is one of the languages ​​that serve as the medium for Indian literature and sacred texts. In India, dialects have up to 1,500 varieties and Hindi also comes in several variations. The interest of certain countries for Hindi is also due to the assimilation of India into the British Empire. Hinglish is a new term that Westerners use to describe Indians who speak Hindi mixed with English.

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