From the beginnings of Buddhism to the present day, this religion has spread throughout the world. Buddhism appeared in India around 5000 BCE, and moved from East to West. Everywhere in its country, its region or its city of establishment, it is growing.
How did Buddhism find its place in the history of religion?
Buddhism throughout history
The monk who translated the Lotus translated it from Sanskrit into other languages, including Chinese, is called Kumârajîva. He carried out the translation around the year 400 in Chang’an and also contributed to sharing these texts once translated. These sacred writings number around 2,000 and are distributed throughout the world. Vietnam, Central Asia and Korea.
About 550 years later, the Japan was the country receptive to Buddhist currents and writings. His introduction was made by the then Korean ambassador who was on a mission to the country. A new religion of the time, Buddhism was adopted by many Japanese after a civil war and is still practiced today. At the same time, schools were created in China. Moreover, around 3 or 4 centuries AD, under the Hindu Gupta dynasty, Buddhism lost its prestige in India, then in 1956, the religion regained its place in its Native India.
A significant event in the history of Buddhism is the conversion of a political figure of the time. This is Bhimrao Ambedkar.
In the context of conversion, many Westerners began doing so shortly after World War II, around 1945. This anchored the establishment of infrastructure such as monasteries and universities in the Tibet and in South East Asia.
Baskets, anchor of Buddhist history
The Buddhist basket is the set of values that govern the religion. There are three: discourse, discipline and knowledge. The particularity of this trio is that all three are part of precepts of the Buddha and transmit his teachings. Here is a brief description of each item:
- Speech : This basket highlights the importance of the five aggregates and the Four Noble Truths which are suffering, the origin of suffering, the cessation of suffering and the path that leads to suffering. It also includes the texts and sermons of Buddha, called “sutras”;
- Discipline : This basket protects human beings from evil temptations such as immoral conduct, sex and attachment to an object or person;
- Awareness : This basket is characterized by several elements linked to emotion such as impermanence, desire, the non-existence of the “me” and especially suffering. The latter is at the heart of Buddhist teaching. This involves the notion of personal awareness towards others and our environment.
Buddhism, object of religious fanaticism
Buddhism is the most widespread religion in all four continents, including Asia, Africa, America and Europe. It has become an essential practice and a religious symbol wherever it is established. Both lay people and new practitioners have faith in these practices and in this spirituality itself. Like Christianity, Buddhism also has its own principles and can be divided as follows:
- Traditional Buddhism : It is the ancient form of Buddhism which highlights the teachings, practices, traditions and beliefs compatible with those of the Buddha. Also called original Buddhism, it is the initial form of Buddhism and is close to early Buddhism;
- Nikaya Buddhism : also called Theravada Buddhism, the doctrine has marked several histories, including the establishment of the first schools of Buddhism. It reflects and propagates the teachings of Siddhartha Guatama, known as the historical Buddha. This current conveys certain principles such as the importance of introspection, that is to say learning to know oneself, to control one’s thoughts and actions;
- Mahayana Buddhism : Buddha’s teachings take on a new dimension and advocate doctrine. This principle takes into account criticism, reasoning and philosophy and places truth above all else. In addition, this type of Buddhism is a figure of Zen Buddhism, that is, nothing is important except the search for wisdom and truth.
The history of Buddhism through nirvana
THE nirvana is part of the history of Buddhism and is a fundamental element of this religion. In other words, it is themain goal of Buddhists. Their existence is marked by the quest for absolute truth, which is nirvana. By definition, it is the state of Buddha, that is, when Buddha is enlightened, he has become aware of the truth about life and the universe. He is the only being to have undergone the cycle of Samsara because when he lived his life, he broke the phenomenon of reincarnation. He ceased to be born and reborn.
This stage determines the degree of enlightenment of the Buddha, he has reached nirvana. He has become the reference for Buddhists and all those who want to be at peace with themselves and free themselves from the cycle of Samsara. He taught his disciples the importance of self-knowledge and the refusal of desire.
The opening of the Buddhist religion
For more than a decade, Buddhism has spread in the West. Many people are convinced by Buddhist precepts and are seduced by its practices. Consequently, this religion has become a kind of practice in its own right in certain communities. Buddhism developed through its goals of seeking truth and wisdom, and through one of the meditation practices. Indeed, known as Tibetan meditation, this approach ensures the popularity of the religion among all, Buddhists and non-Buddhists.
Part of the great history of religion throughout the world, Buddhism is popular with vegetarians, zazen enthusiasts and many others. Due to its practical aspect, it is focused on personal development and fulfillment.