What are the different Buddhas?

What are the different Buddhas?

Buddhas are central figures in Buddhism, a religion and philosophy that originated in India more than 2,500 years ago. Each Buddha is considered an enlightened being, who has achieved nirvana and who can guide others to enlightenment. But there are different types of Buddhas, each with their own characteristics and meanings. In this article, we will explore the different Buddhas and their roles in Buddhism.

THE Historical Buddha

THE Historical Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama, is the founder of Buddhism. Born in India in the 6th century BC. B.C., he became an ascetic after leaving his royal life. After years of meditation and spiritual search, he achieved enlightenment and became the Buddha. He is often depicted in a meditation position, with his eyes closed and his legs crossed. His teachings, known as the Dharma, are the basis of Buddhism.

THE Historical Buddha is revered as a guide and example of what Buddhists can achieve through the practice of Buddhism. Its teachings are considered universal and can be applied by all who seek to achieve enlightenment.

THE Amida Buddha

THE Amida Buddha, also known as Amitabha, is worshiped primarily in the Pure Land Buddhist tradition. He is considered a Buddha who created a pure land called the Land of the West, where beings can be freed from suffering and achieve enlightenment. THE Amida Buddha is often depicted with a peaceful smile and is associated with compassion and kindness.

Followers of the Pure Land tradition often recite Amida's name when invoking her grace and longing to be reborn in her Pure Land after their death. THE Amida Buddha is considered a comforting and protective figure, to whom Buddhists can turn in times of difficulty.

THE Vairocana Buddha

THE Vairocana Buddha is an important figure in Tantric Buddhism, also known as Esoteric or Tibetan Buddhism. He is considered the Buddha of light and wisdom. THE Vairocana Buddha is often depicted in a worshiping position, with his hands forming a specific mudra. It is associated with the realization of emptiness and the interconnectedness of all phenomena.

Practitioners of Tantric Buddhism worship the Vairocana Buddha and seek to achieve enlightenment by meditating on its form and reciting mantras associated with it. He is considered a spiritual guide who can lead followers towards the ultimate realization of the nature of spirit.

THE Buddha of the future

In addition to historical Buddhas and Buddhas worshiped in specific traditions, Buddhism also teaches the existence of a Buddha of the future. This Buddha, known as Maitreya, is considered the one who will come after the historical Buddha. According to Buddhist teachings, Maitreya Buddha will emerge when the practice of Buddhism is in decline and will bring a revival of dharma.

THE Maitreya Buddha is often depicted with a radiant smile and is associated with benevolence and compassion. His arrival is considered a major event in the history of Buddhism, and he is revered and eagerly awaited by many Buddhists.

THE Buddha Medicine

THE Buddha Medicine, also known as the Medicine Buddha, is revered in Tibetan Buddhism and other Buddhist traditions as a figure who brings healing and relief from suffering. He is often depicted with one hand holding a medicine bowl and the other making a giving gesture. THE Buddha Medicine is associated with physical, mental and spiritual healing.

Practitioners worship the Buddha Medicine reciting mantras and performing healing rituals for themselves and others. THE Buddha Medicine is considered a source of wisdom and healing power and is invoked to overcome illness and suffering.

THE Buddha Ratnasambhava

THE Buddha Ratnasambhava is revered in some Buddhist traditions, particularly Tibetan Buddhism. He is considered the Buddha of abundance and generosity. THE Buddha Ratnasambhava is often depicted with one hand making a giving gesture and the other holding a jewel. It is associated with transforming negative emotions into positive mental states and cultivating altruism.

Practitioners of Tibetan Buddhism invoke the Buddha Ratnasambhava to cultivate generosity and abundance in their lives. Its presence is believed to bring inner wealth and the fulfillment of wishes.


Different Buddhas play important roles in Buddhist practice and worship. Whether it is the Historical Buddha who founded Buddhism, Amida Buddha loved for his compassion, Vairocana Buddha revered in Tantric Buddhism, or Buddha of the future eagerly awaited, each Buddha has its own meaning and role in Buddhist spirituality. By understanding the different Buddhas and their teachings, one can deepen one's Buddhist practice and find inner peace and enlightenment.

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